Madrid, also known as Magritte, is the capital and largest city of the Kingdom of Spain with a population of 3.2 million (January 2011), with a population of 6.54 million. The city is 607 square kilometers (234 square miles). The city lies on the banks of the Manzanares River in the center of Spain, Madrid is the fourth largest city of the European Union after Paris, London and Berlin. It has the headquarters of the Spanish government, the royal family, the country’s top companies, 6 state universities and several higher institutes. Madrid is one of Europe’s most important cities strategically, culturally and economically. It is the fourth largest city in terms of the number of tourists in Europe and the first in Spain. The total number of tourists hosted by the city was about 7 million in 2006. It is the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization and the Tourism Fair (FITUR).
The city also houses the Museo del Prado, the Real Madrid club, the Atletico Madrid club, the government headquarters, the Spanish parliament, the ministries, institutions and agencies and the official residence of the Spanish kings. And city mayor Anna Butia of the People’s Party center-right party in office in 2011.
Madrid has a modern infrastructure and has preserved the appearance and appearance of many historic neighborhoods and streets. 1850 Opera House and the Bon-Retiro Park – founded in 1631 – The National Library – founded in 1712 – with a collection of historical archives in Spain. And three art museums: the Prado Museum, which houses one of the world’s art collections, the National Museum of Commerce, the Queen Sofia Center, the Museum of Modern Art – Madrid, and the Taisen Bournemuseum.
Madrid is located in the heart of the city of Siesta de Guadarama in the north-west of the city, and rises in the mountains of Sierra de Guadarama to 2.429 meters above sea level in the upper part of Pinallara. from Middle East? 50 km south of Madrid.